relationship exists between water, sanitation and health. Consumption of unsafe
drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta and lack of personal and food
hygiene have been the major causes of many diseases in developed countries like
India. High infant mortality rate are also attribute largely to poor sanitation.
It was in this context
the Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) was launched
by Government of India in 1986 with the objective of
improving the quality of life of the rural people and to provide privacy and
dignity to women. The concept of sanitation was earlier limited to disposal of
human excreta by cesspools, open ditches, pit latrines, bucket system etc. Today
it connotes a comprehensive concept, which includes liquid and solid waste
disposal, food hygiene, and personal, domestic as well as environmental hygiene.
CRSP was restructured in 1999, following which, a demand responsive community
led “Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)” was introduced which emphasizes
more on Information, Education and Communication (IEC), Human Resource
Development, Capacity Development activities to increase awareness and
demand generation for sanitary facilities.
Total Sanitation Campaign is a
comprehensive programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with
broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation.
The main focus of the campaign is on motivating people to adopt good hygienic
practices and develop an open defecation free (OFD) environment for ever.
This program is being implemented under direction of Government of India
(Department of Drinking Water S
TSC Guideline Oct-07
TSC Objectives and Strategy
upply, Ministry of Rural Development).
For Baseline Survey